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Bird Flu: What Are The Real Possibilities Of A Pandemic

Bird Flu: What Are The Real Possibilities Of A Pandemic

Avian influenza, or hen flu as it is more commonly known, was discovered over a century ago in Italy and up to now, there are several strains of the chook flu virus. Many of these strains have grow to be deadly, particularly the H5 and H7 strains. The deadliest one up to now, the H5N1 strain, has reportedly killed 70 individuals in Asia alone within the final years. Many scientists consider that if correct action just isn't taken, fowl flu has the potential to be the fourth main pandemic in the world.

Influenza has affected the lives of so many individuals, significantly in the 20th century. The Spanish Flu of 1918, Asian Flu of 1957 and Hong Kong Flu of 1968 killed no less than 20 million people worldwide.

Bird flu can spread shortly since the hen flu virus is typically found within the intestines of migrant birds that journey great distances. Hen flu spreads when different birds, chickens or geese are available contact with an contaminated chicken's saliva, nasal secretions or feces. Birds fall ill and die within forty eight hours of contracting the virus. People who interact with infected birds with out proper protective gear are additionally at risk.

There are 4 reasons that scientists imagine that bird flu might turn out to be a pandemic.

1. Many international locations, specifically third world international locations, do not need the correct facilities in place to deal with the chicken flu problem. Without these services, there's a high chance of the chicken flu virus spreading.

2. No vaccine has been absolutely developed and tested to fight bird flu virus. Using amantadine and rimantadine, drugs which might be used to deal with influenza, on these infected with the virus has not been successful. Even though research is underway, there is nonetheless no recognized cure for hen flu in humans. Ought to a pandemic occur, it's going to take not less than four months to produce vaccines that may be distributed to people suffering from the disease.

3. The avian influenza virus impacts birds and pigs. Nonetheless, because the virus has different strains and so they easily mutate, scientists worry the virus may evolve into something worse and affect humans directly. The virus might change into airborne and be transmitted from one human to another.

4. Individuals who work in farms and are within the poultry and livestock industry many not have the correct equipment and adequate protection in opposition to the disease.

A human who's probably infected with chook flu may show symptoms similar to human influenza. An individual with bird flu will experience fever, sore throat and muscle pains. Because of the similarity of symptoms between bird flu and human flu, a person with hen flu may very well be mistakenly diagnosed with human flu. However, advanced symptoms of hen flu embody eye infections and respiratory problems, which could become life threatening.
In 1997, when an outbreak of chook flu happenred in Hong Kong, 18 individuals have been infected and 6 have been killed. As a fast response, tuberculosis Hong Kong's total poultry population, which was estimated at 1.5 million, was killed. Many consider that this fast response to the chook flu outbreak was the best answer and helped avert it from turning into a pandemic.

Normally, there may be little risk of most individuals getting contaminated with chook flu because it requires shut or direct interaction with infected birds or bird feces. Since the number of those that has been contaminated with the disease remains to be low and confined to some children and adults, there is no such thing as a critical cause of alarm yet. Nevertheless, for individuals who have constant contact with birds, the risk becomes very high throughout outbreaks in native poultry